The first half of the 21st century saw rising unrest in Akarus. Growing corruption in Akarus would see a drastic growth in wealth inequality, growing unchecked corporate power, and rising alienation among voters. While Akarus was largely able to keep the resentment under control during the post-war economic booms of the 2020s and 2030s, the recession that followed the conflicts in the 2040s would result in Akarus' economic situation being exacerbated and spark escalating unrest.
Among the now most celebrated of the unrest in the 2040s is the sharp rise in strikes and other labour protests, including the 2043 Lachance automotive strike, the 2047 public service strike, and the 2048 Corseul general strike.
This unrest would see the rapid growth of socialist movements in the nation, including radical factions such as the AOA. The often violent crackdowns on the AOA by police would often only result in further outrage from the public.
However, this rise in left-wing organizations would be met by a surge of far-right radicals. Their militants would often clash with strikers and other protesters, leading to violence. Often these militants would act with the implicit support of the police and corporate elites. These clashes would soon escalate into nationwide skirmishes. The total death toll remains disputed, but is estimated to be in the hundreds.
For many the final straw would be the 2049 general election. Despite the worsening economic situation, Akarus' two main parties would run on policies many saw as insufficient to address the crisis, favouring business interests instead. Though other parties such as the Parti Socialiste would make a strong showing, as a result of the country's first-past-the-post voting system President Bernard Fosse and his conservative government would be re-elected on a sizable majority.
Within months of election, Fosse would present a highly controversial austerity bill that would heavily cripple Akarus' social security and included anti-union legislation intended to weaken the labour movement. The proposal would see nationwide protests across the nation, but particularly in the capital city of Andropen. The rose became adopted as a common symbol of the protests, referencing Parti Socialiste leader Rosette Droit who became a leading figure in them. After days of continued protests with neither side backing down, Fosse mobilized the police and national guard in an attempt to break up the protests in Andropen.
In response, an AOA-led nationwide general strike was declared. Its effects were most drastic in Andropen, where striking workers largely prevented government forces from being able to enter or move around the capital. Though the opposition was largely successfully peaceful, there would be multiple accounts of police firing on protesters, which only further inflamed the situation.
Within days Fosse and his government abandoned the capital, a virtual acknowledgement of having lost control. Rosette Droit soon declared an interim government in Andropen, calling for Fosse to resign and for a new constitution.
Fosse's government would continue to hold out for another week, but was eventually forced to concede defeat. Fosse would attempt to flee the country in his private jet, only to be forced to turn back by military forces who had sided with the interim government.
Droit's interim government would hold a constitutional convention in 2050 to rewrite the Akarusian constitution. The new constitution reformed nearly every level of Akarusian government, with the goal of creating a government more accountable to the people. The first elections under the new constitution would be held in 205X.