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by The Broadcasting Corporation of EuroNews. . 124 reads.

EuroNews - December 2019 - Issue XI

EuroNews - December 2019 - Issue XI

Welcome back, nations of Europe, to EuroNews! Welcome to Issue Eleven! Please take a moment to sit back and relax to peruse this month’s newsletter.



The flag of Outer Sparta who
won the election
European Events
Commissioner Competition
The November election for Second Deputy Commissioner was exciting before it began, with five nations announcing their candidacy. Former Commission hopefuls Rivierenland and Gor Kebab put their names forward, while newcomers Outer Sparta, Eritei, and Alienage entered the political ring for the first time.

Europe, in the past few weeks, has seen a higher proportion of trolls than usual which made regional security the signature issue of the election.

Rivierenland’s campaign once again focused upon his European Defence Agency (EDA). The EDA is a group of four European nations (including Riv), who are appointed at his discretion, “to safeguard Europe from foreign threats” such as trolls and spammers. If he won the election, Riv hoped to make the EDA official and give the members authority over borders and communications, in the hopes of quickly addressing troublemakers. Riv also mentioned that he is interested in repealing the recently enacted Commission (Term Limit) Act 2019, despite most of Europe voting in its favour.

Gor Kebab’s platform was quite diverse and had specific policy ideas. His flagship policy is a mentorship program, where new nations could be mentored by willing, established Europeans. This fostering was meant to help form bonds between newcomers and the RMB regulars while teaching new nations the ins and outs of NationStates. Gor also floated the idea of relaxing Europe’s restrictions on roleplaying, with potentially creating roleplay events where in-character discussions are allowed.

Political newcomer Eritei arrived on the scene without specific policies to push, opting instead to keep the status quo, but vowing to address concerns of Europeans as they arose. Addressing the recent frequency of trolls and spammers in the region, Eritei said that he believes, for the most part, that “Europe needs to brave the storm”.

Alienage was the youngest nation to enter the election. Alienage’s campaign focused upon finding the right balance between protecting others and freedom of speech, using the recent departure of prominent European The Oriental Empire to illustrate his concerns with the status quo.

Outer Sparta, long-time European, also put his name forward for the Commission. Sparta’s main issue with the state of the region, like many of the other candidates, is the seemingly prolific trolls. He stated that Europe needs to be more prompt in stopping trolls and spammers, though how exactly this would be ensured outside of existing regulations and practices was unclear. Sparta did suggest a more vigorous ban-on-sight policy, which turns into more aggressive reporting when regional officers were offline.

Almost immediately after the election began, two candidates were placed ahead of the pack. Rivierenland and Outer Sparta soon overtook the other three candidates, the popularity potentially having strong roots in their prolific RMB activity and longevity respectively. As the four-day voting period continued, Riv and Sparta only continued to grow their voter-base. Both Eritei and Alienage entered the election expecting not to do overly well but were very appreciative of those few who voted for them. Gor Kebab on the other was surprised by his relatively poor performance. Near the end of the election, former RMB regular Hellinicia began to troll on the RMB. Due to most EDA members being unavailable or unable to help, Riv viewed his signature policy as a failure and dropped out of the race. Outer Sparta ended the election with more than twice the number of votes as Riv, the next closest nation.

For a more comprehensive and extensive coverage of the election, with a breakdown day by day, EuroNews Chief Officer Yahlia would recommend visiting Republic of Satherland’s Satherlandic Times, which can be found here.

Written by Yahlia



A football and FIFA trophy in a football stadium
Football Fun
Everyone has heard of football. It’s the world’s most popular sport, played by millions worldwide. And now, football is strengthening its grip on NS Europe. In the past, there have been several football tournaments in Europe that haven’t caught on very well or failed to even begin, like Rivierenland’s Audi Cup and Kirostan’s Football Cup. But there is another European football tournament (or better said, league) that has gained significant traction in the European community. This league is Dizgovzy’s domestic league, or as it is called in Dizgovzian, Býndskop.

Dizgovzy has allowed other European countries to sponsor a team in the Býndskop of their choice. This has proved successful, as nations gather around every matchday to see if their team has booked a good result. Currently, in the Býndskop, Feria-Alkaline-sponsored, Vjoschtéa is leading the league, followed by Krestonien-sponsored, FC Adyk and Rivierenland-sponsored, Tarasovo. Dizgovzy himself has sponsored Baúrgs aD, which is currently sitting in fourth place. On the flip-side though, there are two unsponsored teams, FC Sarbecium & FC Cirsbaúth, are in the relegation zone, but completely rock-bottom is the Laver Island-sponsored team, FC Mátgoth.

By the time this article has been written, Matchday 6 has yet to be played and by the time it will be published, Matchday 8 has yet to be played. Dizgovzy has organised the league fixtures well enough that the matches will be played every Saturday.

Written by Rivierenland


Roleplay Report
New King of Laver Island
On 14 November 2018, Laver Island has got a new king. King Vincent I is the new head of state and of national defence. Before Vincent got to the throne, he lived in Western Laver, being born to an Icelandic family. He also finished a degree in political science before he decided to enter the Kingship tournament, which he won and got crowned. Besides being the ruler of Laver Island, he practices swordsmanship in his free time, which is recommended for Laverian monarchs. He’s also constantly guarded by the Valkyrie Guard who are elite sword warriors. His personal guard and secretary is Lady Edelgard Kamilla Eriksson who also handles his public affairs. On a more recent note, King Vincent I has already received international attention, with the Rivierenlander president visiting and the Grand Matriarch of St Scarlett hosting a ball for him.
Konungdómr of Laver Island



Flag of Laver Island



Vulkanerborg castle: Home to the royal family and Landstinget

Government of Laver Island


The government of Laver island takes place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state in which the Monarch of Laver island, King Vincent, is head of state. Laverian politics and governance are characterized by a common striving for broad consensus on important issues, within both the political community and society as a whole.

Executive power is exercised by the Cabinet of Laver Island (Regeringen), presided over by the Prime Minister (Statsminister, Forsćtisráđherra) who is first among equals. Legislative power is vested in both the executive and the national parliament (Midgĺrdstinget, Miđgarđrsţingi, The Midgard thing). Midgĺrdstinget has 173 seats. Members of the judiciary are nominated by the executive (conventionally by recommendation of the judiciary itself), formally appointed by the Prime Minister and employed until retirement.

Laver Island has a multi-party system. No single party has held an absolute majority in the Midgĺrdsting since the beginning of the 20th century. Thirteen parties had ballot access for the 2018 Laverian general election. Since no post-war coalition governments have enjoyed a majority, government bills rarely become law without negotiations and compromise with both supporting and opposition parties. Hence the Midgĺrdsting tends to be more diverse than legislatures in other European countries. The Constitution (Stjórnskipunarréttur, Rigeloven) serves as the nation's fundamental principles of governance and defining the rights of the citizens.

On many issues, the political parties tend to opt for co-operation, and the Laverian welfare model receives broad parliamentary support. This ensures a focus on public-sector efficiency and devolved responsibilities of local government on regional and municipal levels.

The degree of transparency and accountability is reflected in the public's high level of satisfaction with the political institutions, while Laver Island is also regularly considered one of the least corrupt countries in the world by international organizations.

Monarchy


Vincent with his family on his crowning day

King Vincent of Laver Island (born 16 July 1995) is the King of Laver Island. In accordance with the Laverian Constitution, the Laverian Monarch is the head of state and head of national defence. The Monarch is the theoretical leader of the nation's defence and internal affairs. The role is largely ceremonial but the consent of the Monarch is necessary in order to carry out military actions or to pass a bill.

Historically, Laverian Monarchs have been chosen by a sword-fighting tournament, in which the winner is crowned King or Queen. The Monarch of Laver Island's role was largely seen in military affairs as they would have supreme control of Laverian forces and retain the right to declare war and negotiate peace on the nation's behalf, while internal affairs were largely handled by assemblies (known as ţingi) who all had an Earl as their head.
The supreme assembly (known as Alţingi) at the time was headed by a Supreme Earl who required the consent of the Monarch before the supreme assembly could decide something on national level.

The system lives on in a more modern sense. Monarchs are still crowned by winning a duelling tournament, Earls are no longer the richest residents of an area but an elected position that serves as head of a municipality, the supreme assembly is now the national parliament although the title of Supreme Earl is bestowed on the Speaker of the Parliament and its roles are given to the Prime Minister and regions are a new addition to the system and are governed by civil servants who are elected.

Contrary to other Constitutional Monarchies, the Laverian Monarch does not formally appoint the cabinet, only the Prime Minister and Speaker of Parliament (Supreme Earl) are formally appointed by the Monarch.

Political parties

Laver Island has a multiparty system. Ten parties are represented in parliament, while an additional four have qualified to contest the next general election. The four oldest, and in history most influential, parties are the Reformation party, the Social Democrats, Laverian Independence party and the Dano-British interests party. However, demographics have been in favour of younger parties (such as the Libertarian oriented Freedom Front and the far-left Socialist Laverians), which has led to constant pressure on the older established parties.

Since the 2014 Laverian general election, three new political parties have qualified to contest the election for parliament. two parties were right-wing and the last is left-wing (one ran for satirical purposes). The first of three to be entitled to run and most controversial, was The New Conservatism, a political party known for being tough on immigration and opponents to Skarlagen related affairs. The second party, was Klaus Riskćr, an individual who ran on a joke platform that mocked the right-wing policies of The New Conservatism. The third party is Tight Direction, another controversial party known for its revolution related policies.

No two parties have exactly the same organization. It is however common for a party to have: an annual convention which approves manifestos and elects party chairmen; a board of leaders; an assembly of representatives; and a number of local branches with their own organization. In most cases, the party members in parliament form their own group with autonomy to develop and promote party politics in parliament and between elections.

The Executive

Regeringen performs the executive functions of the Kingdom. The affairs of government are decided by the Cabinet, headed by the Prime Minister. The Cabinet and the Prime Minister are responsible for their actions to the Landsting (the parliamentary system).

Members of the Cabinet are given the title of "Minister" and each holds a different portfolio of government duties. The day to day role of the cabinet members is to serve as head of one or more segments of the national bureaucracy, as head of the civil servants to which all employees in that department report.

Enjoying the status of primus inter pares, the Prime Minister is head of the Laverian government (as taken to mean the Cabinet). The Prime Minister and Speaker of Parliament (Supreme Earl) are appointed formally by the Crown while members of the Cabinet are appointed by the Prime Minister on basis of the party composition in the Midgĺrdsting. No vote of confidence is necessary to begin the government after the election. If the Midgĺrdsting expresses its lack of confidence in the Prime Minister through a vote of no confidence, the entire Cabinet must step down. If the Prime Minister has no confidence in the Midgĺrdsting, they can call for a parliamentary election.

Edward Kenway was the Prime Minister from 2014 until 2018. He headed a right-wing government coalition consisting of Laverian Independence party and the Dano-British Interests party, with parliamentary support from the Freedom Front. Following the 2018 election, the right-wing lost by quite a large margin to the opposing centre-left coalition, led by Einar Grímsson who on 3 October 2018 formed a new Cabinet government consisting of the Social Democrats, the Reformation party and the People's Ally. The government has parliamentary support from the Socialist Laverians.

According to section 12 of the Constitution, the Prime Minister sets the number of Ministers and the distribution of cases between them. The Prime Minister also appoints and dismisses Ministers while themself is appointed and dismissed by the Monarch, That means that the number of Cabinet positions and the organisation of the state administration into Ministries are not set by law, but subject to change without notice. A coalition of many parties usually means a large Cabinet and many Ministries, while a small coalition or the rare one-party-government means fewer and larger Ministries.

In 2018 in the wake of the parliamentary election, the Cabinet had 20 members including the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister leads the work of the Cabinet and handles constitutional affairs and the affairs of the press.

The 20 Cabinet Ministers hold different portfolios of duties, including the day-to-day role as head of one or more segments of the government departments.

The Laverian Executive consists of a number of government departments known as Ministries. These departments are led by a Cabinet member and known as Minister for the relevant department or portfolio. In theory, all Ministers are equal and may not command or be commanded by a fellow Minister. Constitutional practice does, however, dictate, that the Prime Minister is primus inter pares, first among equals. Unlike many other countries, Laver Island has no tradition of employing junior Ministers.

A department acts as the Secretariat to the Minister. Its functions comprise overall planning, development and strategic guidance on the entire area of responsibility of the Minister. The Minister's decisions are carried out by the permanent and politically neutral civil service within the department. Unlike some democracies, senior civil servants remain in the post upon a change of government. The head of the department civil servants is the Permanent Secretary. In fact, the majority of civil servants work in executive agencies that are separate operational organizations reporting to the Minister. The Minister also has his own private secretary and communications personnel. Unlike normal civil servants, the communications staff is partisan and do not remain in their posts upon changes of government.


Landstinget

As known in other parliamentary systems of government, the Executive (the Cabinet) is accountable to the parliament (the Midgĺrdsting). Under the Laverian Constitution, no government may remain in office with a majority against it. This is called negative parliamentarianism, as opposed to the principle of positive parliamentarianism. It is due to the principle of negative parliamentarianism and its proportional representation system that Laver Island has a long tradition of minority governments. Nevertheless, minority governments in Laver Island sometimes have strong parliamentary majorities with the help of one or more supporting parties.

The current government of the Reformation party is stable due to their support by their support parties. This system enables minority parties to govern on specific issues through an ad hoc basis, selecting partners for support based on common interests instead of legislative need. As a result, Laverian laws are born of extensive negotiations and compromise. It is common practice for both sides of the Laverian political spectrum to cooperate in the Midgĺrdsting.

Legislature

The Midgĺrdsting performs the legislative functions of the Kingdom. As a parliament, it is at the centre of the political system in Laver Island, and is the supreme legislative body, operating within the confines of the Constitution. The Prime Minister is drawn from parliament through the application of the Laverian parliamentary principle (a majority must not exist in opposition to the government), and this process is also generally the case for the government also. The government is answerable to parliament through the principle of parliamentary control (question hour, general debates and the passing of resolutions or motions). Ministers can be questioned by Members of Parliament regarding specific government policy matters.

General debates on broader issues of government policy may also be held in parliament and may also be followed by a motion of no-confidence. The opposition rarely requests motions of no-confidence, as the government is usually certain of its majority; however, government policy is often discussed in the plenary assembly of parliament. Since 1950, the year that marked the reform of the Laverian Constitution, parliament has been unicameral.

With the implementation of the first democratic constitution in 1754, Laver Island's legislature was constituted as a bicameral parliament inspired by the English system. Composed of Landstinget (a lower house of commoners) and Rigstinget (an upper house containing lords, landowners and industrialists). With the constitutional reform of 1950 the Rigsting was abolished, leaving only Landstinget which was renamed to Midgĺrdstinget because of the people's strong desire to return to the Viking culture.

The Midgĺrdsting is composed of 173 seats. All 173 seats are contested in elections held at least every four years and in the present parliament, all seats are taken up by members belonging to a political party.

All parties receiving more than 2% of the votes are represented in parliament. Comparatively, this is quite low; in Sweden, the minimum level of support necessary for getting into parliament is 4%. Often, this has led to the representation of many parties in parliament and correspondingly complex or unstable government majorities. However, during the last decade, the political system has been one of the stable majorities and rather long government tenures. For an independent politician to gain a seat in parliament, he or she would need about 15,000-20,000 votes in the electoral district they ran in. Since the 1950 Constitution of Laver Island, only one independent, Emil Bennett, has been successful in doing this.

Template by Laver Island inspired by The Free Republic of Ponderosa's template found here.

Read factbook

Dizgovzy’s Football Tournament
Recently, football has been increasing its influence in Europe with many tournaments, leagues and football associations. The most noteworthy of them all is Dizgovzy’s football league, which has been taking Europe by storm. Coverage from the Býndskop (Dizgovzian Federal Cup) emerges all over Europe every Saturday. The big reason behind the Býndskop’s massive success is the fact that Dizgovzy allowed other European nations to sponsor a Býndskop team of their choosing. Currently, Vjoschtéa (Feria-Alkaline) is sitting in pole position, followed by FC Adyk (Krestonien) and Tarasovo (Rivierenland). In last place, is FC Mátgoth (Laver Island).

Dizgovzian Federal Football League

The DFFL (English) or Býndskop (Dizgovzian) is the federal cup of Dizgovzy. It is composed of two leagues (the second of which is not shown here), the bottom three of both being relegated and the top three of League 2 being promoted. There are twenty-two teams set to play in the 2019-2020 season. The teams in the now re-annexed region of Russi-Zarbokje will rejoin the leagues in the 2020-21 season, bringing the number of teams up to 24 in the first league.

The 2019-2020 season will begin October 19, 2019. All games will be held on Saturdays, every week, until August 1, 2020.

* Note * aD stands here for -ana-Dizgovi

Rank

City/Team

Nation Sponsor

GF

GA

Net Goals

Wins

Losses

Draws

Points

Red Cards

1

Vjöschtéa

Feria-Alkaline

14

2

12

6

0

2

20

3

2

FC Belisírsk

Suomessa

12

9

3

5

1

2

17

0

3

FC Adyk

Krestonien

8

4

4

4

0

4

16

0

4

Tarasovo

Rivierenland

8

5

3

4

2

2

14

4

4

Baúrgs aD

Dizgovzy

9

6

3

4

2

2

14

0

6

Pötäsc Utd.

Gor Kebab

9

7

2

3

1

4

13

0

7

Sigýr

Yahlia

7

7

0

4

3

1

13

0

8

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

The Mongol Plain

10

8

2

3

2

3

12

3

9

FC Mátgöth

Laver Island

5

6

-1

3

3

2

11

0

10

Eskjode City

Outer Sparta

10

6

4

2

2

4

10

1

11

FC Isáröp

Eritei

4

4

0

2

3

3

9

1

12

Logov 93

Alienage

5

7

-2

1

1

6

9

2

13

Natýrost FC

Republic of Satherland

5

8

-3

2

3

3

9

2

14

Sfibod 09

The Kingdom of Denmark

6

10

-4

2

3

3

9

3

15

Gorodok Utd.

St Scarlett

8

8

0

1

2

5

8

1

16

Mikaelíum City

Bathera

4

5

-1

1

3

4

7

0

17

FC Bolhensk

Novgorod-Pskov

4

8

-4

1

3

4

7

1

17

Nebothí aD Utd.

South St Maarten

4

8

-4

1

3

4

7

0

19

Bolekíum Romanus

Potus Branada

2

7

-5

0

2

6

6

4

20

FC Demjansc aD

Norte de Venezuela

2

9

-7

1

4

3

6

2

21

FC Cirsbaúth

The Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth

1

5

-4

0

4

4

4

2

22

FC Sarbecium

Greifenburg

3

8

-5

0

4

4

4

0

Matchday 1- October 19, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-1

FC Mátgöth

Sfibod 09

RED 0-4 RED

Gorodok Utd.

Pötäsc Utd.

2-2

FC Belisírsk

Sigýr

0-2

Vjöschtéa

Bolekíum Romanus

0-0

FC Demjansc aD

Natýrost FC

2-2

FC Adyk

FC Isáröp

1-1

Eskjode City

FC Cirsbaúth

0-0

Logov 93

Nebothí aD Utd.

0-3 RED

Tarasovo

FC Sarbecium

1-1

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

FC Bolhensk

1-1

Mikaelíum City

Score simulation for Matchday 1 was based on the approximate rankings of the teams from the "previous season" (i.e. the order in which they were previously listed). All games after this will be simulated based on the difference between the two competing teams on the leaderboard.

QUITE THE FIRST MATCHDAY, RIGHT? There were three red cards in two games! Certain weaker teams had great defence against predicted stronger teams, such as Pötäsc Utd.'s astonishing defence against FC Belisírsk ending in a 2-2 tie. Interestingly, there were only three games in which there was not a tie, but those games were crushing blows! 4-0 for Gorodok Utd., and perhaps the most amazing game today, 3-0 for Tarasovo! Tarasovo fans were heard leaving the stadium singing "drä-oh, Tarasovo" in celebration of their win. Next week's games will be very interesting as we see the morale and skill boosts (or loss thereof) of the DFFL teams.

Matchday 2- October 26, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-0

Gorodok Utd.

FC Mátgöth

0-1

FC Belisírsk

Sfibod 09

0-2 RED

Vjöschtéa

Pötäsc Utd.

3-1

FC Demjansc aD

Sigýr

0-1

FC Adyk

Bolekíum Romanus

0-0

Eskjode City

Natýrost FC

RED 1-2

Logov 93

FC Isáröp

0-1

Tarasovo

FC Cirsbaúth

RED 1-1 RED

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

Nebothí aD Utd

0-0

Mikaelíum City

FC Sarbecium

0-0

FC Bolhensk

Today was a very exiting matchday in the DFFL. Big players battled it out (Leaving Gorodok to lose their 1st place position for 8th), Tarasovo follows up last week's win with another important win, and Pötäsc Utd. joins the top three without even having a sponsor wowing everyone with their performance so far. There were four red cards given out today, two in the same game. Currently, Tarasovo and Vjöschtéa are tied for first, with Baúrgs aD, FC Belisírsk, FC Adyk, and Logov 93 tied for fourth. Certain teams in the bottom and middle are pleading for a nation to sponsor them in hopes it will boost their performance. Hype is being built up for Baúrgs aD vs. FC Belisírsk (the Dizgovzian capital team vs. the city of Suomessa's embassy and Ville Kerhonen's favourite team), Gorodok vs. Vjöschtéa (as Gorodok looks to get back into the top three). FC Mátgöth is looking to end their poor performance and start winning some games, hoping that FC Demjansc aD's poor performance so far will help them get some points. Of course, everyone is watching Tarasovo and Pötäsc Utd., the two teams coming out of nowhere this season gaining legions of fans, support, and revenue.

Matchday 3- November 2, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

4-2

FC Belisírsk

Gorodok Utd.

1-1

Vjöschtéa

FC Mátgöth

0-1

FC Demjansc aD

Sfibod 09

RED 0-1

FC Adyk

Pötäsc Utd.

0-2

Eskjode City

Sigýr

1-1

Logov 93

Bolekíum Romanus

REDx2 1-1

Tarasovo

Natýrost FC

0-2

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

FC Isáröp

0-0

Mikaelíum City

FC Cirsbaúth

0-1

FC Bolhensk

Nebothí aD Utd.

1-0

FC Sarbecium

A disappointing day for many. Great teams tied or lost to weaker teams and their points suffered because of it. 2 red cards were flashed in a single game for Bolekíum Romanus, setting a DFFL record. Much needed points for Nebothí aD Utd. and FC Demjansc aD were attained, with the latter pushing Demjansc up into the middle of the board, but pushing FC Mátgöth down into a difficult situation. The game with the most hype, Baúrgs aD vs. FC Belisírsk ended in a 4-2 win for the Dizgovzian team against their ally Suomessa, pushing Baúrgs aD up into the top 3 but pulling FC Belisírsk down into the upper middle of the board. Tarasovo and Vjöschtéa, tied for first above Baúrgs aD and FC Adyk based on Net Goals alone are, even with disappointing draws today, still some of the best teams and are looking to extend their lead. Adyk surprises with their point tally, Gorodok makes only a small advance point-wise but show the true power of their team, FC Demjansc surprises as they prove that FC Mátgöth (two time former champions) are not in their prime anymore.
Pötäsc Utd.'s amazement streak ended today with a loss to Eskjode City (good for Outer Sparta), but sports journalists predict they could finish with a very strong performance, provided they get a sponsor.

Matchday 4- November 9, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

0-1

Vjöschtéa

FC Belisírsk

0-0

FC Demjansc aD

Gorodok Utd.

0-1

FC Adyk

FC Mátgöth

0-0

Eskjode City

Sfibod 09

RED 1-1 RED

Logov 93

Pötäsc Utd.

2-1 RED

Tarasovo

Sigýr

0-1 RED

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

Bolekíum Romanus

REDx2 0-2

Mikaelíum City

Natýrost FC

0-0

FC Bolhensk

FC Isáröp

2-0

FC Sarbecium

FC Cirsbaúth

RED 0-0

Nebothí aD Utd.

Well that was a lot of red cards. A fight broke out in the early minutes of the Bolekíum Romanus vs. Mikaelíum City game, and other red cards were from a combination of dirty tackles and second yellow cards. Tarasovo, Baúrgs aD, and Gorodok had very unfortunate losses, pushing FC Adyk and Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC into the top 3. FC Mátgöth are struggling to be the team they used to be, and settle for another draw. Hype is building for Vjöschtéa and FC Adyk next week, FC Belisírsk vs. Eskjode City, and FC Mátgöth looks to beat Tarasovo and get some much needed points against the stars of this season.

Matchday 5- November 16, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-0

FC Demjansc aD

Vjöschtéa

0-0

FC Adyk

FC Belisírsk

3-2

Eskjode City

Gorodok Utd.

1-1

Logov 93

FC Mátgöth

0-3 RED

Tarasovo

Sfibod 09

1-0 RED

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

Pötäsc Utd.

1-0

Mikaelíum City

Sigýr

1-0

FC Bolhensk

Bolekíum Romanus

0-0

FC Sarbecium

Natýrost FC

1-0

Nebothí aD Utd.

FC Isáröp

1-0

FC Cirsbaúth
The day of the underdog for many. FC Belisírsk and Pötäsc Utd. jump back into the top dogs, but most amazingly today was the wins by Sigýr, Natýrost FC, and especially, Sfibod 09. Sfibod 09 was in last place and edged out a win against Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC, the previous 3rd place holders. For the first half of the FC Belisírsk-Eskjode City game, it seemed that the game and the season were essentially over for FC Belisírsk, down 0-2. Amazingly, 3 goals were scored in the last ten minutes of the game, with the last goal scored in what is the closest ever margin in DFFL history, 3 seconds. Unfortunately for the top two teams, the game was a shutout and neither Vjöschtéa nor FC Adyk will be getting 3 points. Tarasovo is gaining a reputation for their aggression, this being their 3rd red card, the second of which was in a game they one 0-3 at the expense of the former champions FC Mátgöth. Bolekíum Romanus suffered today with the loss of their sponsor, Potus Branada. Next week will see top teams battling it out and middle/low teams trying to gain an edge on each other by not just drawing.

Matchday 6- November 23, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-2

FC Adyk

FC Demjansc aD

0-4 RED

Eskjode City

Vjöschtéa

REDx2 3-0

Logov 93

FC Belisírsk

1-0

Tarasovo

Gorodok Utd.

1-3

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

FC Mátgöth

1-0

Mikaelíum City

Sfibod 09

3-1

FC Bolhensk

Pötäsc Utd.

0-0

FC Sarbecium

Sigýr

2-1

Nebothí aD Utd.

Bolekíum Romanus

0-0

FC Cirsbaúth

Natýrost FC

RED 1-0

FC Isáröp
Leads increased for the upper teams today, while teams in the bottom and middle fought it out to get higher up in the table. Baúrgs aD fought FC Adyk and lost 1-2 in a very good game. FC Demjansc aD got crushed by Eskjode City 0-4, ending what seemed to be a better period for the club as they enter the relegation zone. There were two red cards for Vjöschtéa, one being a tackle and the other being a second yellow, but it still didn't matter for the powerhouses of this season, as they beat Logov 3-0. FC Belisírsk makes a point comeback with a 1-0 win against Tarasovo, who sit in sixth. Jorhov-ana-Kovsc FC took back third place with a win against Gorodok Utd., FC Mátgöth got their first win this season against Mikaelíum City, and both Sfibod 09 and Sigýr got amazing wins (2 in a row) bumping themselves up into the middle of the table attributing their success to the sponsors. Next week's big games seem to be Vjöschtéa vs. Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC, Baúrgs aD vs. Eskjode City, and the games for Sfibod 09, Sigýr, FC Mátgöth, and Pötäsc Utd..

Matchday 7- November 30, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-0

Eskjode City

FC Adyk

0-0 RED

Logov 93

FC Demjansc aD

0-1

Tarasovo

Vjöschtéa

3-1

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

FC Belisírsk

1-0

Mikaelíum City

Gorodok Utd.

0-0 RED

FC Bolhensk

FC Mátgöth

1-0

FC Sarbecium

Sfibod 09

1-1

Nebothí aD Utd.

Pötäsc Utd.

1-1

FC Cirsbaúth

Sigýr

1-0 RED

FC Isáröp

Bolekíum Romanus

0-2 RED

Natýrost FC
The most important game of the day was the 3-1 win for Vjöschtéa against Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC, allowing Vjöschtéa to maintain their monopoly on the first place position. FC Belisírsk popped into the top three in front of a tied Tarasovo and Baúrgs aD. Bolekíum Romanus, Sfibod 09, and FC Mátgöth pull themselves farther away from relegation but perhaps most amazingly is the current position of Sigýr, who currently sit in 8th. Next week has some pretty good games, but importantly has what should be easy wins for stronger teams not necessarily placing as well as they should be.

Matchday 8- December 7, 2019

-

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

0-0

Logov 93

Eskjode City

1-1 RED

Tarasovo

FC Adyk

1-1

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

FC Demjansc aD

REDx2 0-0

Mikaelíum City

Vjöschtéa

2-0

FC Bolhensk

FC Belisírsk

2-1

FC Sarbecium

Gorodok Utd.

1-1

Nebothí aD Utd.

FC Mátgöth

2-0

FC Cirsbaúth

Sfibod 09

0-0

FC Isáröp

Pötäsc Utd.

0-0

Natýrost FC

Sigýr

2-1

Bolekíum Romanus
Today was the lowest scoring day so far of the season, with only 16 goals being scored for the 22 teams. Sigýr had what might be the most impressive gain of the day, with their win pushing them up to 7th overall- their best position in over 10 years. Other notable positions are from FC Belisírsk, who stole 2nd from FC Adyk, and FC Mátgöth, whose extremely advantageous opponent lineup has finally given the kick to start winning games and to bring back their former glory. Next week's most interesting games will most likely be Baúrgs aD vs. Tarasovo, Logov 93 vs. Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC, and Pötäsc Utd. vs. Sigýr.

Matchday 9- December 14, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

Tarasovo

Logov 93

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

Eskjode City

Mikaelíum City

FC Adyk

FC Bolhensk

FC Demjansc aD

FC Sarbecium

Vjöschtéa

Nebothí aD Utd.

FC Belisírsk

FC Cirsbaúth

Gorodok Utd.

FC Isáröp

FC Mátgöth

Natýrost FC

Sfibod 09

Bolekíum Romanus

Pötäsc Utd.

Sigýr

Matchday 10- December 21, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

Tarasovo

Mikaelíum City

Logov 93

FC Bolhensk

Eskjode City

FC Sarbecium

FC Adyk

Nebothí aD Utd.

FC Demjansc aD

FC Cirsbaúth

Vjöschtéa

FC Isáröp

FC Belisírsk

Natýrost FC

Gorodok Utd.

Bolekíum Romanus

FC Mátgöth

Sigýr

Sfibod 09

Pötäsc Utd.

Matchday 11- December 28, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

Mikaelíum City

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

FC Bolhensk

Tarasovo

FC Sarbecium

Logov 93

Nebothí aD Utd.

Eskjode City

FC Cirsbaúth

FC Adyk

FC Isáröp

FC Demjansc aD

Natýrost FC

Vjöschtéa

Bolekíum Romanus

FC Belisírsk

Sigýr

Gorodok Utd.

Pötäsc Utd.

FC Mátgöth

Sfibod 09

Matchday 12- January 4, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

FC Bolhensk

Mikaelíum City

FC Sarbecium

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

Nebothí aD Utd.

Tarasovo

FC Cirsbaúth

Logov 93

FC Isáröp

Eskjode City

Natýrost FC

FC Adyk

Bolekíum Romanus

FC Demjansc aD

Sigýr

Vjöschtéa

Pötäsc Utd.

FC Belisírsk

Sfibod 09

Gorodok Utd.

FC Mátgöth

Matchday 13- January 11, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

FC Sarbecium

FC Bolhensk

Nebothí aD Utd.

Mikaelíum City

FC Cirsbaúth

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

FC Isáröp

Tarasovo

Natýrost FC

Logov 93

Bolekíum Romanus

Eskjode City

Sigýr

FC Adyk

Pötäsc Utd.

FC Demjansc aD

Sfibod 09

Vjöschtéa

FC Mátgöth

FC Belisírsk

Gorodok Utd.

Matchday 14- January 18, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

Nebothí aD Utd.

FC Sarbecium

FC Cirsbaúth

FC Bolhensk

FC Isáröp

Mikaelíum City

Natýrost FC

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

Bolekíum Romanus

Tarasovo

Sigýr

Logov 93

Pötäsc Utd.

Eskjode City

Sfibod 09

FC Adyk

FC Mátgöth

FC Demjansc aD

Gorodok Utd.

Vjöschtéa

FC Belisírsk

Matches 15-42 will be posted on a separate doc once the time is right. NS won't let me post stuff too big.

Read factbook

Rivierenlander Television Network (RTN)
The RTN has existed for a few months but was only made official a week ago. Originally, the RTN was used by the Rivierenlander government to broadcast to the world the new laws passed in Rivierenland. Recently, the RTN has been used as a recapping broadcaster to show to the world what Rivierenland is doing. The first official broadcast was to announce Rivierenland’s departure from NATO and the EU. The second broadcast was to show an interview between Skarlagen Vice-President Hans Selberg and Rivierenlander Foreign Affairs Minister, Eleanor Cohen, as well as a meeting between the Rivierenlander president and the new Laverian king. The most recent broadcast is to announce that Rivierenland, after rising tensions, has declared war on Turkey.

WAR!

Rivierenlander president, Nilsen


Turkish President, Erdogan


Turkey has invaded Syria and that's a fact. There's no way to shove it under the rug (although many people have probably forgotten about it). Turkey has invaded Syria, ever since American president Trump retracted US Troops from the area, leaving Syrian Kurdistan completely exposed to the impending Turkish invasion. Turkey has occupied some northern lands of Syrian Kurdistan and then, Assad's troops tried to retake that land back from Turkey. Also, after heavy controversy and criticism, Trump relocated some US Troops back to Syrian Kurdistan, although that was too little, too late. In an attempt to try and stop Turkey from causing any further harm, the US put sanctions on Turkey, but alas, Turkey didn't care and kept on in Northern Syria.

Rivierenland has tried a few things to try and stop Turkey from ravaging Syrian Kurdistan any further. At first, Rivierenland tried to stop Turkey with diplomacy. That didn't work at all. In fact, Turkish president, Erdogan, made fun of Rivierenland on Turkish television. In response to that, Rivierenland cut ties with Turkey and sanctioned the Turkish State. Turkey didn't get affected by this, despite being kicked out of NATO by popular demand. After Evo Morales got couped from presidency in Bolivia, Rivierenland left NATO as well. This gave the green light for a Rivierenlander-Turkish war. In secrecy, Rivierenland had prepared for a war against Turkey and also asked Armenia, Georgia, Bulgaria, Greece, Cyprus & Iraq to join in on the war. They've all accepted and are joining Rivierenland to arms against Turkey. All countries allied to Rivierenland (and Rivierenland itself of course) have made plans on how to partition Turkey or on how to only oust Erdogan from Presidency. 5/ of the allies have voted to partition Turkey and leave some remaining lands to stay independent. The partition plan looks like this:


The allies' Turkish partition plans

Week 1

At the first day, Rivierenlander troops have been flown to a Greek base near the Turkish border. The ifrst day didn't see any fighting. Day 2 saw a Greek & Bulgarian offensive, which resulted in those troops occupying a few Turkish villages near the border. In Rivierenland, there were mass protests against the war, but Sigrid has promised that the troops would be back by next autumn. Border skrmishes between Iraq & Turkey have started & Georgia, Armenia and Syria have encountered a few small blows from Turkey, although they have compensated it with taking the lost lands back. Cyprus however has problems with militarizing, as the airports are closed and Britain refuses to borrow out Akrotiri & Dekhelia. The UK has reacted infuriatedly about the war and condemns it.

Week 2
The USA (inevitably) considered iterfering in the war on the side of no one, but against both parties. The Rivierenlander president heavily protested against this idea and even threatened to sanction the States. The American president retracted this idea off the board and went to back to his daily habits, until the American people ousted him because of his bad intentions and replaced Trump with Sanders, who definetly doesn't want war. Now with America out of the way, the Rivierenlader troops refocused on gaining Turkish lands. On the eastern front, The Georgian and Armenian forces are encountering a new enemy to fight against: Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has already also gotten revolts against the war, with the most prominet revolts being in Nagorno-Qarabag. On the southern front, the Cypriots have finally goe airborne towards Turkey, but still have to deal with Northern Cyprus. Iraq and Syria are leading more losses, but Iraq has made a significant push towards Siirt and Van. On the western front, the Rivierenlander troops stationed there, together with the Greek and Bulgarian troops have conquered more villages and cities on the european part of Turkey and are now pushing towards Tekirdag.

More updates about the war soon.

Read dispatch

Written by Rivierenland


Europeans of the Month
Nothing is more important for keeping our region alive than its community! So, here is this issue’s Europeans of the Month to award some of our members for their contributions to NationStates Europe!

The award for Newcomer of the Month goes to... Eritei!
While Eritei has technically been here for over a year he only recently became super active here in our community, but like many other newcomers, he has settled in quickly and become a key figure on the RMB, creating and liking posts regularly.
Europe welcomes you with open arms Eritei!

The award for RMBer of the Month goes to... everyone!
In case people weren't aware, I am currently quite badly sick and I have been for some time. I just wanted to take a moment to thank everybody for putting up with my negativity and my weird rants about how sick I am, and for their kind wishes and words of advice. Hopefully, I will soon recover but until I do, I am glad I'm part of such a kind and caring community <3

The award for Flag of the Month goes to... Regnum Italiae!
I think Regnum's flag is a little under-appreciated sometimes, its design is relatively simple but combines the modern flag of Italy with the old style of the Kingdom of Italy (placing the coat of arms in the centre) as well as Regnum's fictional coat of arms for the country, to create a realistic and interesting national flag for a futuristic version of Italy that has returned to its monarchic roots.

The award for Motto of the Month goes to... Laver Island!
“Saman til frelsis” (Together for freedom)
This motto really resonates with me, and it’s part of what ties Laver Island to St Scarlett and how the two nations grew together, something that's really important to me!

The award for Factbook of the Month goes to... The Bohemian-Austrian Commonwealth!

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This article is avalible in English
Deutsche
Polskie
Please be aware: The German and Polish dispatches are not updated as frequently as the English one.

Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich
Main Section on Empire/Commonwealth Meanings under "History"

Das Böhmischreich

Wspólnota Czesko-Austriacka



Flag

Coat of Arms



Motto
"Pravda Vitezi za Všech Okolností"
"Truth Wins at all times"


Anthem
"Svatováclavský Chorál"
Link




Location


Population 75,045,010
Density 124 per Km2


Capital Praha (Prague)
Largest City Vienna (Wien)


Official Language
German, Czech, Polish


National Language
German, Czech, Polish, Hungarian, Slovak, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Italian


Ethnic Groups

German/Austrian
Polish
Czech/Bohemian
Hungarian
Slovenian



Religion

Roman Catholicism
Bohemian Reformed Protestantism
Slavic Orthodoxy



Demonym
Bohemian, Austrian
Polish, German, Hungarian (Depends on area of residence)


Government: Totalitarian Dictatorship

- Supreme Emperor Dietrich Zimmermann



Establishment
Bohemia - 14 March 1456
Austria - 30 June 996
The First Commonwealth - 2 October 1779
The Second Commonwealth - 27 April 1918
Communist Provisional Government - 5 May 1945
Allied/US Occupation - 10 June 1945
The Third Commonwealth - 17 January 1946
The Dictatorship, Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich - 20 July 1954


Land Area 630,100 km2


Elevation
Highest Point: Mountain Grossglockner
Lowest Point: Elba River Delta


Currency Peníze


Time Zone Central European Time Zone, Eastern European Time Zone
(UTC)


Date Format DD-MM-YY


Drives on the Right


Calling code UTC+ B01:00


ISO 3166 Code y168s


Internet TLD .eu.com/org/edu/net..etc

[floatright]

Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich


Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich, commonly called Bohemia, The Commonwealth, or Międzymorze, is a Republican Dictatorship in Europe. It is bordered on the east by Ukraine and Romania, on the south by Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, and Italy, on the west by Switzerland, Germany, and The Free City of Dresden, and on the north by Poland. The Commonwealth has an estimated population of 75 to 76 million people. The Commonwealth comprises of 7 Autonomous Regions, each with underlying provinces that make up a total of 232. The Commonwealth is revoked of membership from the United Nations, NATO, The World Trade Organization, and has a close relationship with Russia, and is not a member but allied to CSTO.

History

Main article: History of The Commonwealth

Okay, so I'm not going to get into the hefty details about the entire history of Austria then the entire history of Bohemia on top of that. I'm gonna just start from the year 1644 (You'll see why it's important), and go from there. I'm going to skip over some things, so I don't have to spend more than 2 hours on this one section

Twas the year 1644, and across Europe there were massive changes being undertaken. The Polish and Lithuanian Commonwealth had recently won a stunning victory against Sweden, and Portugal was desprately trying to gain it's freedom from Spain. In Central Europe, The Kingdoms of Austria and Bohemia were quickly becoming closer allies, fighting a war against Bavaria and Saxony side by side. It was the beginning of a new age. King Kristian of Bohemia was leading massive campaigns across the area, seizing Silesia from Poland, Slovakia from Hungary, and snippets of land from Saxony. Austria meanwhile was busy getting down to the dirty work expanding that Hapsburg Line...hehe. Fast-Forward a couple decades to 1710. The expanding Ottoman Empire was at the doorstep of Austria and Hungary, and had recently beat back both the Russians and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in a series of devastating wars. Bohemia, however, was doing better than ever before, and soon, with the help of Austria, began planning an all-out attack against Hungary, and to hopefully prevent the Ottomans from getting farther north. The attack was launched on 13 Haeunsed (Bohemian Calender was used until 1779, this month meaning August), 1749. As if planned, coincidentally the Poles decided the only way to remain a great power was to defeat it's weaker neighbors, and of course this meant Bohemia. Fighting a two-front was in 1750 wasn't something ANY nation would want to do, especially a smaller kingdom like Bohemia. Regardless, Bohemia did it anyway. They lead set up earthworks and defenses along the border with Poland, while at the same time paved the way for the Austrian army to capture Budapest just a few short years later in 1753. The Treaty of Koisce was signed in December of 1754 between Bohemia, Austria, and Hungary. Hungary was to become a semi-autonomous region of Austria, while Bohemia received full reparations for damages caused by the Hungarians. The King then turned his attention to Poland, and with the help of Sweden and Russia, began working their way through Poland. Troops began suffering from exhaustion on both sides, and the grueling warfare was a large load to carry first of all, but an outbreak of smallpox swept it's way through the army camps, killing around 250,000 men in total from both sides. A peace settlement was finally reached in 1756, in which Sweden gained the northern Baltic, Russia gained a small bit of Ukrainian lands, and Bohemia gained the rest of Lower Poland. Just a month later, another war started up between the French and the British, in which Bohemia and Austria joined the side of France. A joint Bohemian-Swedish attack on Prussia was launched. Bohemia would send their cavalry in through the south, and then have their infantry swing in from the east and press full on to Berlin. Sweden would land over 320,000 troops along the coast and begin pushing southward to meet the Bohemians in Berlin. Prussian infantrymen held their lines firmly, and the war would become a stalemate until the end of the war. Bohemia would have to cede Silesia and Saachern to Prussia. Sweden would cede parts of Denmark. King Harold's popularity suffered because of this, and he was soon overthrown by pro-Austrian nobles, and Albert Vitek became the next king. Around 1779, he wed Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Bohemia and Austria were united into a personal union, and later that year a more centralized nation was developed, and the two nations formed The First Commonwealth, which included all of the modern-day lands minus the areas captured by Prussia, and large swathes of Northern Italy, and all of Romania. The Commonwealth played a large part in the Napoleonic Wars, defending the East from France, but Napoleon's genius tactics and strategy caused the Commonwealth's troops to fall back to Vienna, and in the resulting battle the entire army was nearly obliterated. French troops breezed through the rest of Austria, and created puppet states out of Poland, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia. When the war turned against France, Russian advances westward against France liberated The Commonwealth from French occupancy, and all former lands were restored in the Treaty of Paris. A series of failed attempts to colonize parts of North Africa were spread through the 1840s and 50s, and in 1862 The Commonwealth went to war with the Ottomans, in which Romania was "freed" and put under Ottoman Control after the Treaty of Bucharest. The latter part of the 1800s was filled with technological and social advances, and the doing away of middle ages and colonialist military doctrines. By the time 1914 rolled around, The Commonwealth was the 7th strongest nation on Earth, behind The Ottomans but ahead of Italy. When top generals in the German Empire launched a failed coup d'e etat, France took advantage of a weakened Germany and decided to invade to retake Alsace-Lorraine. Germany quickly executed these generals and launched a full mobilization of every man aged 16 to 50. Millions of French and German troops engaged in combat along the border, and in an attempt to regain Silesia and Saachern, The Commonwealth declared war on Germany. Much like France, The Commonwealth had a large fort/defense system running the border from Switzerland to Poland. After The Commonwealth declaring war on Germany, Italy came to the defense of their ally and declared war on The Commonwealth. The Ottomans then followed suit. To protect their "Lawful Interests" in the Middle East, Britain then declared war on the Ottomans, which caused Italy and Germany to declare war on Britain in retaliation. The Ottomans launched an invasion into The Balkans, and Serbia called on Russia for help. Russia was reluctant to join the war, but when The Commonwealth entered Bosnia and Serbia to catch the Ottomans, Russia declared war on both the Ottomans and the Commonwealth. This caused the French-Russian alliance to be severed, as they had declared war on France's ally. Russia was now fighting both sides, as chaos broke loose in Western Europe. Germany shoved their way through Belgium and rapidly pushed forward, outflanking the Allies as they rushed towards the coast. Trench lines were dug from Dunkirk to Strasbourg. On the Eastern Front, The Commonwealth was already attacking the Russians, and were winning. But on all other fronts, they were failing. The Italians were closing in on Vienna, and the Ottomans were getting close to Budapest. The German Army had around 350,000 troops advancing towards Prague. The Commonwealth soon surrendered to the Central Powers and Russia. The rest of the war was a stalemate, until the sinking of an American commerce ship caused the US to join the war. Soon Germany was being pushed back on all fronts. They fell first, followed by the Ottomans, and finally the Italians. The Allies then turned their attention to Russia, and then twisted Russia's hand into surrendering and giving up Ukraine, Poland, Finland, and the Baltic in order to fight the Communists. The Second Commonwealth is proclaimed. During the inter-war period, The Commonwealth along with other Eastern and Central European nations such as Poland, Bavaria, Crimea, and Finland form Mitttleuropa (Middle Europe, Centrezki Evrpoa in Czech) as a dual economic and military alliance. The Commonwealth, Bavaria, and Poland are the founding members. Squished between an ever-increasing nationalistic France, and a communist Soviet Union, several more nations join later in 1924 and '25, like Denmark, Belgium, and Sweden. In 1929, The Stock Market in New York crashes, sending ripple effects around the world. Mittleuropa is hit hardest of all, with millions falling into poverty and national debt soaring through the roof. Mittleuropa's Economic Sector is temporarily suspended, and through most of the 1930s there is unrelenting poverty across the globe. All except France, where the democratic government is overthrown and replaced with a dictatorship. This causes the UK, Spain, and The Netherlands to immediately declare war. The Military Government is removed and the democracy put back in place less than 6 months later. Meanwhile in Germany, an angry man with a silly moustache was rising to power in Germany. He soon became chancellor and sent Bavaria an ultimatum to either join or be invaded. Mittleuropan officials met in Munich to decide the fate of the alliance. Hitler, however, had other ideas. He marched his troops into Bavaria without resistance. And that was that. Throughout the rest of the thirties, Hitler began militarizing Germany and preparing for war. In 1937, he launched invasions of both Poland and The Commonwealth in order to retake lost lands from WWI. This caused France and The UK to declare war on Germany. World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is generally said to have begun on 7 September 1937, with the invasions of Poland and The Bohemian-Austrian Commonwealth by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Poland, The Bohemian-Austrian Commonwealth, Finland, Romania and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the Fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history. This Eastern Front trapped the Axis, most crucially the German Wehrmacht, in a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U.S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers quickly declared war on the U.S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories. The Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, and Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia, in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands. The war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the execution of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945. Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by the Allies, and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and against the Japanese. The Allies established occupation an administration in Germany. Germany became a neutral state, non-aligned with any political bloc. The latter was divided into western and eastern occupation zones controlled by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union. A denazification programme in Germany led to the prosecution of Nazi war criminals in the Nuremberg trials and the removal of ex-Nazis from power, although this policy moved towards amnesty and re-integration of ex-Nazis into West German society. Germany lost a quarter of its pre-war (1937) territory. By the 1950s, one-fifth of West Germans were refugees from the east. The Soviet Union also took over the Polish provinces east of the Curzon line, from which 2 million Poles were expelled; north-east Romania, parts of eastern Finland, and the three Baltic states were incorporated into the Soviet Union. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill states that "An Iron Curtain was decsending across Europe", with Soviets more occupying than liberating countries. This "Iron Curtain" stretched from the Eastern border of Poland through to Romania. The Soviets created puppet states out of Crimea, Belarus, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, and Finland. Around 1952, a new alliance in addition to NATO was created among the former Mittleuropa nations, called The Eastern Alliance but only as an economic alliance. Just two years later, protests against the increasingly left-wing government under President Pal Telkei eventually turned into violent riots, and soon a full on revolution in The Commonwealth, which was recently reinstated after World War II. A coup d'e etat succeeded in ousting Telkei, and German-born Austrian politician Dietrich Zimmermann, who was a member of the Nazi Party, declared himself emperor of the "Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich" (Austro-Bohemian Empire) on July 20th. Then 30 year-old Zimmermann began torturing and executing political enemies, and placing his opponents in jail. Membership of NATO, TEA (The Eastern Alliance), and the UN Security Council was revoked. In 1964, to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the authoritarian regime, Zimmermann launched an invasion of Yugoslavia. They easily breezed through, and would've kept going if both the UN and the Soviets hadn't threatened to intervene. A few years later in 1971, student protests in Vienna and Prague were brutally suppressed. In 1975, a Hungarian Independence Movement was brutally suppressed. In 1978, an attempted coup was brutally suppressed. For years, speaking out against the government could get you executed. Each year on July 20th, The Dictator would hold massive shows of strength with tanks and rockets and missiles and troops marching through the streets to celebrate the launch of the dictatorship. Nobody dared speak out against the totalitarian regime. In 1981, US President Ronald Reagan visited Vienna, and held a summit with Zimmermann, where Zimmermann began blabbing off about how America was the worst country in the world. Reagan got up and left right then in there, and Zimmermann chased after him with a pistol and attempted to assasinate him. Reagan escaped the country and later severed all diplomatic ties with The Dictatorship. In 1991, The Soviet Union collapsed. In 1993, Yugoslavia fell apart too. When Russia founded CSTO in 2002, Zimmermann was quick to join and became a leading voice along with Russia in the alliance. To this day, the aging dictator still brutally suppresses anyone who speaks out against him, and retains his racist views. Many sources site him as a modern-day Nazi, and is one of the most hated people in the West. When the dictator dies, many people are hopeful that The Commonwealth will be restored.

Pictures:


Bohemian Invasion of Poland, 1755


Bohemian-Polish War, 1749


Battle of Taatenleburg, 1759


Battle of Vienna, 1808


Battle of Lizzen, 1809


Battle of Semm, 1810


Battle of Miennesso, 1811


Second Battle of Vienna, 1812


Battle of Trent, 1813


Battle of Garvengrad, 1915


Soldiers in the trenches, 1916


Commonwealth Snipers in Poland, 1917


Troops in Moravia, 1917


Commonwealth Troops, 1937


Troops marching to the front lines to face Hitler, 1939


Military Parade celebrating start of dictatorship, 1954


Dictatorship Parade, 1955


Military Parade, 1957


Military Parade, 1975


Smaller Military Parade, 2016

Religion

Main article: Religion in The Commonwealth

The majority of Hungarians became Christian in the 11th century. The Commonwealth's first king, Saint Stephen I, took up Western Christianity, although his mother Sarolt was baptized into Eastern Christianity. Hungary remained predominantly Catholic until the 16th century, when the Reformation took place and, as a result, first Lutheranism and then soon afterwards Calvinism became the religion of almost the entire population. Protestants composed some 85-90% of the entire population, more than a half of the Hungarian population being part of the Calvinist confessing Reformed Church and a quarter of lutheran confessing Evangelical Church.

In the second half of the 16th century, however, the Catholic Habsburg Kings and Jesuits led a successful campaign of Counter-Reformation among the The Commonwealth. The Jesuits not only founded educational institutions, including Péter Pázmány Catholic University, the oldest university that still exists in Hungary, but also organized missions in order to promote popular piety.

Using both political and apologetic efforts, most of the High Nobility composing the Diet was already predominantly Catholic by 1640's, a process consolidated as the new reconquered estates were granted to the converted aristocracy, who supported in Counter-Reformation. Despite this, the lower nobility, the town burghers and the common people still retained a largely Protestant – specially Calvinist – identity, opposing the catholic German-likeness of the Habsburg courtly politics. Allied with the Constitutional Rights enforced by the Nobility and the military pressure of the Protestant Principality of Transylvania on the eastern border, Catholic Counter-Reformation achieved partial results compared to the other Habsburg-controlled possessions, like Spain and Bavaria, where Catholicism was restored to the status of the sole religion of the realm.

Some of the eastern parts of the country, especially around Debrecen (nicknamed "the Calvinist Rome"), still have significant Protestant communities. The Reformed Church in The Commonwealth is the second-largest church in The Commonwealth with 1,153,442 adherents as of 2011. The church has 1,249 congregations, 27 presbyteries, and 1,550 ministers. The Reformed Church supports 129 educational institutions and has 4 theological seminaries, located in Debrecen, Sárospatak, Pápa, and Budapest.

Lutheranism is the third main historical religion in The Commonwealth. It was introduced by Saxon settlers in the early 16th century, but after its brief efflorescence, the introduction of the Reformed Church and the Counter-Reformation made it almost non-existent amongst Hungarians up to the late 17th century. Later it was re-introduced through inward migration by Saxons and Slovaks. Today, the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Hungary is a small minority in The Commonwealth today. Despite its relatively small number of adherents, it had a strong power and influence in internal politics since The Commonwealth's independence from the strongly Catholic Habsburg Empire.

The proportion of all Protestantism in The Commonwealth has decreased from around 27% in the early 20th century to about 16% in the early 21st century. Eastern Orthodoxy in Hungary has been the religion mainly of certain national minorities in the country, notably Romanians, Rusyns, Ukrainians, and Serbs. Hungary has also been the home of a sizable Armenian Catholic community. They worship according to the Armenian Rite, but they have united with the Catholic Church under the primacy of the Pope. Some of the Armenians in Hungary are adherents of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was legally recognized in The Commonwealth in June 1988 and its first meetinghouse in the country was dedicated in October of the following year by Emperor Zimmermann. In June 1990, The Commonwealth Budapest Mission was created, followed by the first stake in June 2006. The mission, its districts, and the Budapest Stake together contain twenty-two wards and branches serving approximately 5000 members.

Largest Cities

Main article: Largest Cities in The Commonwealth

Rank

City

City Population

PROVINCE/STATE

1

Prague

3,509,018

Bohemia

2

Vienna

3,124,102

Austria

3

Budapest

3,098,134

Hungary

4

Bratislava

2,909,910

Slovakia

5

Graz

2,878,769

Austria

6

Sesonburg

2,759,298

Austria

7

Eszencoipse

2,693,981

Hungary

8

Surenvia

2,691,999

Bohemia

9

Einsdcahct

2,601,001

Hungary

10

Vasivmov

2,598,981

Transylvania

Original template by Ponderosa
Additions and Revisions by The Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth
Original template may be found here
Template with Additions and Revisions may be found here
Edits made by The Bohemian-Austrian Commonwealth. No template available.

Read factbook


This is an incredibly detailed factbook packed with images, maps, and lots of well-researched details. There also seems to be plans to translate the factbook into two other languages, similar to the one created by The Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth.

And last but definitely not least, the award for General Excellence this month goes to... Gor Kebab!
Gor Kebab has recently gone through some big changes in his life and may have to potentially take a break from NS, so for being a valid member of the community, willing to run for commissioner and for everything he's had to go through IRL, I am awarding him this month's award of General Excellence. Good luck with everything!

Written by St Scarlett


Comedic Comics
The Sect Meces has gone out of his way once again to create another comic for EuroNews. This one revolves around the World Assembly.

Created by The Sect Meces



Former Bolivian president, Evo Morales
IRL Info
Bolivian Bedlam
For over a month, Bolivia has been consumed by political turmoil. The nation’s unrest is focused almost entirely on now-former President Evo Morales.

Mr Morales was Bolivia’s first indigenous president and assumed power in 2006, having previously lived as a coca farmer. When he took office, 38% of the South American country’s population lived in extreme poverty. Morales was largely credited for reducing that figure to 17%.

Prior to 2009, Bolivian presidents had a maximum limit of two terms which could not be served consecutively. After constitutional reform in 2009, the ban on consecutive terms was lifted, which allowed Mr Morales to immediately run for a second term, something that was previously impossible. Morales was also able to run in the 2014 Bolivian election, the Supreme Court ruling in 2013 that his first term, beginning in 2006, does not count towards the limit of two consecutive terms because the constitution has since been amended. This ruling meant Mr Morales could become the first president in Bolivian history to serve three terms.

In 2016, Bolivia voted in a referendum on whether term limits should be abolished. 51.3% of the electorate was against the proposal. Despite the result of the referendum, the country’s Constitutional Court ruled that term limits violated human rights, after being asked to rule on the matter by a member of Mr Morales’s party, and subsequently abolished those restrictions on elections, which allowed Morales to seek re-election for a fourth term in 2019.

As the votes were counted late October 2019, there were two different counts: a quick count, and a detailed count. The detailed count, with 72% of the votes counted, Mr Morales had a lead of only 0.58% over his main rival, Carlos Mesa. The quick count tally, with over 95% of the vote counted, had Morales in the lead by 9.33%. Both of these tallies suggested there would be a run-off election between Mr Morales and Mr Mesa as no candidate had a lead of 10%, which is the required number of votes required to win outright.

However, the website which displayed the quick count results stopped updating for 24 hours, when it resumed, Mr Morales had a lead of 10.12%, just staving off a second round. The Organisation of American States, who had sent observers to oversee the election voiced their concern about the counting irregularity, as did the European Union. Other international parties, like the United States, called for a second round of voting.

With much of the public believing that electoral fraud and corruption won Mr Morales his fourth term, hundreds of thousands began to protest in cities across the country. For the next three weeks after the disputed 20 October election, Bolivia was embroiled with demonstrations and violence. Many gathered to fight what they believed was a power-hungry president, while sizeable counter-protests rallied in support of Morales, largely made up of indigenous peoples and union members. Amongst the marches and rallies, violent confrontations between the police and protestors occurred, eventually resulting in at least 3 deaths.
Eventually, the head of the Bolivian army stated that Mr Morales should resign “to allow for pacification and the maintaining of stability”. Morales then announced his resignation on 11 November, claiming political asylum in Mexico.

With Mr Morales, his deputy, and the presidents of the Senate and the lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, having all resigned, deputy Senate leader Jeanine Áńez was sworn in as interim president as she was the next in line according to the Bolivian Constitution. Áńez has said that Morales should face prosecution should he ever return, building a legal case to give the exiled former leader the maximum possible penalty. The interim leader has also appointed Bolivia’s first ambassador to the US in 11 years while severing ties with Venezuela’s Nicolas Maduro and sending Cuban personnel home as she dismantles Morales’s socialist legacy.

Pro-Morales protestors are out in force, claiming the former president was the victim of a coup d'état and have been received with violent opposition from the police, resulting in at least 29 deaths, drawing condemnation from the international community.

According to Bolivia’s constitution, Áńez has 90 days to call fresh elections. Time will tell if a newly elected government will calm flaring temperatures in the troubled nation.

Written by Yahlia



Protests in Chile
Chilean Challenge
At a glance, the country of Chile is a nice, South American nation with a great economy. On a second look, the nation has some real problems. The people who are supposed to protect them, the police, are killing citizens and subway stations are catching fire. The military, which also acts as the police, have turned against the people on the orders of a president who allegedly cares little for human rights, but more about the economic success and order. Protesters fill the streets, using slingshots and other various improvised weapons.

This all started when the subway fares were increased, making the trains unaffordable for many. The higher costs outraged the citizens, who conducted peaceful protests, jumping turnstiles and singing chants that were reminiscent of the 1960s and ‘70s in Chile. The government, in response, shut down the subway. The protesters then raided subway stations, some catching fir.

It was at this point that the government disgusted people and turned the police onto the public. Many of the people in Chile say that this reminded them of the 1980s dictatorships that would dispose of troublemakers. Many people were outraged by the government and begun terrorizing the streets, as aforementioned with slingshots and other various primitive weapons, just trying to fight back against the police.

Written by Suomessa



Violent protests in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Kerfuffle: Follow-Up Piece
Recently, the news trends have been touching back on Hong Kong. This is because of the crucial events that took place within this month. Those events include but aren’t limited to: police sieges on the universities, large arrest numbers, and district elections.

The protest movements also haven’t died down since the start, although weakened after time. The population still desires to implement their five demands (an inquiry into police behaviour, a more democratic legislative system, the withdrawal of the term “riot” to describe the protests, Carrie Lam’s, Hong Kong’s Chief Executive’s, resignation, and amnesty towards all who were jailed during the protests).

In regards to the first demand, the inquiry into the conduct of the police, the public wants the constant pepper-spraying of those who interact with the police, suspicious “suicides”, alleged torture, sexual abuse, and harassment allegations to be covered in the investigations.

Some universities in Hong Kong have become strongholds of protesters. The police sieges on HKPU (Hong Kong Polytechnic University) were successful due to the high number of arrests and breaching of cores in the campus. Reporters, medics and 200 minors were reported to have been arrested by the police (the 200 minors were students from the university). Other universities have still been holding strong, like that of CUHK (Central University of Hong Kong).

China attempted to block the passage of the Hong Kong Act in the United States, which is an act to sanction members of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and condemn the actions of the police in Hong Kong. Chinese meddling failed, and the act became law.

In recent times, China has threatened businesses with the loss of the Chinese market to influence business practices that went against CPC rhetoric. One of the most infamous examples included ‘blitzchung’’s ban from Hearthstone competitions by Blizzard, a move deemed deeply unpopular by its userbase. Airlines have been pressured into showing that China owns Taiwan and Hong Kong instead of listing them as separate countries. Maps which exclude Taiwan on clothing has also come under criticism from the Chinese leadership.

Many have called for the boycott of pro-Hong Kong Police Force actors and artists, like Zhang Yixing (also known as Lay), a former EXO member, Mulan actress Liu Yifei, and Jackie Chan.

Concerns for Chinese intervention has been heard around the world too, especially since the escalation of actions on both sides. Bullets have been fired already and some have even lost their lives fighting for the cause they believed in. Some are scared that the Chinese military (People’s Liberation Army; PLA) may enter Hong Kong and just begin another Tiananmen Square-esque massacre (although highly unlikely), others believe that Hong Kong’s police are already infiltrated by the PLA. The university sieges are a demonstration that the police are willing to do anything they can to quell the protests. Concerns have also been raised about the general state of health in the city

But on a more positive and less violent note, district council elections were held on 24 November. The government hoped that it would be a demonstration of the silent majority which it claimed stood with the government, while the protestors hoped it was a vindication of their beliefs and their numbers. The protestors were proven right, after the various democratic parties and candidates, in favour of the protestors’ goals, won a distinct majority in many districts.

All in all, many events have happened since we last covered this topic. If you wish to know more specifics, read from Hong Kong news channels and major news networks that follow the event closely.

Written by Pilipinas and Malaya


Titillating Trivia
This month our facts focus on two countries in South America both experiencing some major turmoil and potential changes in their near futures, with Bolivia finally ousting its long-time controversial president and Chileans rising up against militant police to fight against inequality.
From this month forward I'll also be featuring a third, less newsworthy country, so some countries that are rarely featured in the news also get a chance to shine. We start this off this month with my partial homeland, Ireland.

Bolivia


The Wiphala
Bolivia is the only country in the world to have two national flags that are on equal grounds with one another. The most well-known is the red, yellow, and green tricolour which represents the country itself. This flag sometimes also includes the coat of arms in the centre. The other flag is known as the Wiphala, this is a flag representing the native peoples of the Andes in multiple South American nations, though it is only considered a national flag in Bolivia. The Wiphala's status has been protected by the Bolivian constitution since 2009. This is most likely the case as Bolivia has the largest population of indigenous South Americans of all the nations on the continent, making up 20% of Bolivia’s total population.

Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar who was a Venezuelan leader and a key figure in the independence of many South American nations (and served as president to Venezuela, Bolivia and Peru at different points). When the nation gained its independence, it chose not to unite with Peru or Argentina and became the independent Republic of Bolívar, named in Simón’s honour. Though this was changed to Bolivia just days later with the justification "If from Romulus comes Rome, then from Bolívar comes Bolivia".

Chile
While Chile is known for being very long and very thin, a unique shape that gives it a huge range of climates and environments from snowy tundra to dry deserts to rich forests, it is actually not the longest north-south country in the world. Brazil takes this honour but only by 95km, leaving Chile in second place. The country is obviously not the thinnest country either as the Vatican City is just half a kilometre wide. Chile is however, the southernmost country in the world, unless you count territories in which case the United Kingdom would take this honour, reaching almost as far south as Antarctica.

Chile has an interesting relationship with the country mentioned above, Bolivia. The two have shared strained relations since independence and do not have diplomatic missions with one another, this is mainly due to a territorial dispute in which Chile took control of the Atacama Desert and completely deprived Bolivia of its coastline, turning the nation into one of only two landlocked nations in South America. Despite this, the two do have trade relations with one another as well as agreements relating to tourism. Chile expressed concern over the state of affairs in Bolivia recently following the loss of its president Evo Morales.

Ireland
The name of Ireland's capital, Dublin, comes from the Irish Dubhlinn meaning “dark/black pool”. Something interesting about this name is that just across the Irish Sea is the English city of Blackpool which shares an obvious similarity in its etymology. Despite being named for an Irish word, the city's Irish name is not Dubhlinn and is instead Baile Átha Cliath meaning “Town of the Hurdled Ford”.

Due to a very troubled past, there is still a lot of tension between Ireland and it's neighbour the United Kingdom. When the whole island was ruled as a part of the UK, a terrible famine occurred in 1845 which reduced the country's population of 8 million to 6 million, the island has still not yet returned to a population of 8 million and currently sits at around 6.6 million. Despite this, the two nations are largely friendly with one another, many Irish people having British relatives and vice versa and most disputes today relate to friendly rivalry and sports.

Written by St Scarlett


Edited by Yahlia, Rivierenland, St Scarlett, and Novgorod-Pskov


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