July 20 - August 20 (1 month, 1 day)
Result: Ardens/Grand Abacoan victory
People's Republic of Olands surrendering
Ardens unification under the Republic
Fleeing of Communists and sympathizers
Republic of Ardens
People's Republic of Olands
(General of the ARA)
(Admiral of the GAN)
(General of the GAA)
(General of the GAAF)
(Premier of the PRO)
Army of the Republic of Ardens: 49,500
Grand Abacoan Armed Forces: 17,000
People's Army of Olands: 30,000
Republic of Ardens: 2,544 killed,
Grand Abaco: 13 killed,
People's Republic of Olands: 7,124 killed,
53,794 civilians killed
106,938 civilians injured
Total killed: 63,462
The Ardens Civil War was a civil war fought between the forces of the democratic Ardens and the socialist separatist Olands states. The war brought in support from international forces, although little outside the Eusian. The war resulted in the defeat of the socialist armed forces, the reunification of Ardens, and the further annexation of Ardens into Grand Abaco.
Even from before the fall of Halienese Caribbea, Olands has been home to various extremist and radical groups, which have held political office, all be it in limited functions. Since the Olandian independence in the 1978 Olands War for Independence, the roles of these radicals had only increased, to which a significant portion of the country was ruled by socialists and communists. As a result, serious moves for independence were motioned, to make a democratic coastal state, and a communist central state. In December of 1989, the first vote for communist independence war made. Although there was little in the way for the independence seekers, they saw this move as a weakness in the democratic government, motioning for a united one party communist state.
By the late 1990s, the control of the communists was waning and the First Red Crisis (FRC) began, with nearly 1/3 of parliament walking out during a session, and only returning when more pro-socialist moves were to be made/promised. The two sides were at a stalemate for 2 years, which ended in the parliament dissolving and an amendment to the Olandian constitution. Afterwards, a bicameral Senate and House was made, modeling those of other democratic states.
From 1999 to 2012, various different governors ruled, with much of an equal footing in both the House and Senate, in each of the former 11 major political parties. These parties formed fragile coalitions which, while made rule difficult to maintain a single party for more than one term, but also made passing many laws frustrating. Throughout this time period though, many pro-democratic and pro-socialist laws were passed including a universal basic income as well as free healthcare.
But once 2012 came, the Democratic, Preservational, and Knight Parties united, creating a supermajority in the senate and house. Being able to have near complete control over the government, in the 2014 elections, Governor Mike Morrison of the now Democratic Union was elected. In his 3 years of governance, he repealed free healthcare, and severely limited any further motions to be made by the Communist Party. In retaliation, in 2015, the Communist, Socialist and Ardens Civil Parties united in a coalition of their own, making the People's Front. Again, another stalemate ensued, with the Second Red Crisis (SRC) taking place in 2016, leading to a resignation of the House Majority Leader Douglas Parker, and the eventual People's Front majority win in the House. Even though the house was controlled by the PF, the DU had maintained control in the Senate and in the 2017 elections, with George Marshal of the DU becoming Governor. Tensions were to only grow during his 2 years of office, when the Third Red Crisis (TRC) took hold nearly marking the removal of the house and senate by judicial and executive officials. In 2019, Morrison stepped down from office and Wallace took his place.
In early 2019, Governor Adam Wallace took power, with the Democratic Union being in a slight majority. But relations between Wallace and many Left-wing politicians soured over the next months. The Governor eventually began to enlist all pro-democratic political members to assemble a coalition party, to weaken the opponents, and allowed them to build up a substantial presence in the country. Many democratic politicians consequently took several communist regions, breaking the stalemate, although the People's Front were able to pass several controversial laws during this time.
Because of these, Vice Governor Debbie Powers withdrew to Fezan, in mid 2019, and said she would not return to the government until her anti-socialist grievances were addressed. These included public assassination attempts of members of the DU by members of the People's Front, with many removed from their posts, as well as the economic marginalization of several democratic majority areas. Negotiations to end the political deadlock dragged on into July 2019. The government of Governor Wallace soon became ineffective due to political infighting.
During these tensions, the People's Army of Olands, under control of the People's Front began organizing, planning a coup d'état. By 10 July, 2019, the Fourth Red Crisis (4RC) began, with both the House and Senate dissolving later the same week. From this, the People's Front took advantage of the situation and began it's orchestrated killings of protestors in pro-democratic cities, beginning the Olands Civil War.
On 20 July, mass slaughterings of protesters and pro-democratic civilians were conducted in major cities by rebelling communist forces of the PAO. On the same day, bombings were conducted in large pro-democratic areas, with the largest being in Toliara and Dia. Soon, a major tank battle erupted in the Fezan Districto, near Fezan, now Oslandia. Both sides accused the other of starting it. In the late hours of the day, the communist air force bombed Mobila and other areas in the republic; the republican air force responded by attempting to bomb Wilson. Both Governor Wallace and Premier Sokolovo declared a 30-day state of emergency, and foreign nationals began evacuating the country. Communist forces fired GGM missiles into Toliara, killing dozens of civilians, as well as the Vice-Governor and much of their cabinet. On the morning of 21 July, communist forces expelled republican forces from most major cities, being unprepared for the communist offensive, but being able to take away most of the fleets. With only the Governor alive, he fled the capital of Toliara via helicopter, fleeing to oil platforms off the southern coast of Valdaz, where he called for and met Grand Abacoan representatives, appealing for outside forces to help end the war.
On 21 July, 2019, communist forces claimed to have overrun all of Olands, holding the island under communist control. With many thinking the war was already lost, most gave up, and were detained by the communists, with several dozen being executed before the war's conclusion.
At the same time, Premier Sokolovo announced to the world that he had won the war on 21 July. Wallace responded by calling in the Grand Abacoans who joined the war quickly.
Few international government recognized the PRO. In late July, the the last major pocket of republican forces held back the PAO retaking Santa Barbara. The key city of Dia, which allowed access to the country's offshore oil fields, was seized on July 28, during Operation Arrow, by Grand Abacoan forces. Hansdeltania and world governments alike called for an end to the fighting and a cease-fire. Communist troops and republican forces led by David Johnson entered Santa Palma on 30 July, to the fanfare of the public. Supporters of the ARA greatly assisted military operations against the communists. On 4 August, 2019, Grand Abaco's Operation Sledgehammer began, with Grand Abacoan naval forces and the army, supported by the ARA invading communist occupied Toliara. Despite landing in Toliara, and the significance of the city, not much action took place in the city, with the invasion and main hq of the PRO being outside the city, in Janport, Tanno, and other locations. On the 5 August, the 11 day long Battle of South Toliara began in Tanno, spreading around to envelop most of the county, actively rebelling against communist rule. On August 9, the ARA controlled all of coastal southern Ardens, and most of the north.
By August 15, Communist forces were surrendering en-masse to the GAA and ARA, with nearly over 75% now resecured by republican forces. On the 16 August, Oslandia fell, and the communist leadership fled to Haizburg, before the former capital was attacked by missiles from the Grand Abacoan Navy. On 20 August, Operation Blackout took place with Spec Ops of the Grand Abacoan Army being airlifted and dropped outside the city of Haizburg, where the remnants of the PRO were held out. In the cover of night, the GAA had subdued communist members and captured the Premier and head general of the PAO, factually ending the conflict. After the conduction of Blackout, most resistance quickly collapsed and top communist military and political leaders fled but were captured, or left in exile.
In general, the civil war was a short conflict but fiercely fought. Almost all of the actual fighting in the civil war occurred in the southern part of the country, despite air and missile attacks against cities and major installations in the north. Southerners sought support from neighbouring states and received military assistance from Grand Abaco, which felt threatened by a communist Olands. Hansdeltania repeatedly called for a cease-fire and a return to the negotiating table, but attempts were unsuccessful to effect a cease-fire.
Governor Wallace had control over all of Olands, which now appropriated the name of the island it was located on, dispelling it's link to the former government as well as the People's Republic. A general amnesty was declared, except for 15 communist figures; legal cases against nine, were prepared, for misappropriation of official funds, secession, and general war crimes as well as crimes against humanity.
People's Front leaders within Ardens reorganized following the civil war and elected a new politburo in October of 2019. However, much of its influence had been destroyed in the war, and the party was dissolved and made illegal in December, 2019. Governor Wallace was elected by the reformed House and Senate on 1 October 2019 to a 1-year term. However, he remained soon stepped down when Ardens voted for reunification with Grand Abaco.
The Democratic Union split to the Republican, Democratic and FNP during the reunification, and the capital was relocated from Toliara to Oslandia, with the switch from Federal to state control.