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[FNR] 2019 Proposed Constitution


Founded January 15, 2016 - United December 25, 2016

The Constitution of the Free Nations Region

The Free Nations Region is a direct democracy and a "crowned republic" where we strive to promote freedom, peace, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The government's goal is to provide peace, freedom and protection to all of its citizens in the Region.

The term "the Region" shall henceforth refer to the region of The Free Nations Region. The term "resident" refers to any nation which resides in the Free Nations Region, and the term "citizen" refers to the definition as defined in Article 1.

Article 1: Citizenship

Any nation which shall have resided in The Free Nations Region for three (3) days, currently is located in the Region, and is not a puppet or alternate of another citizen within the Region is considered to be a citizen of the Free Nations Region.

Article 2: Freedoms

2.1 All citizens are guaranteed:

2.1.1 The freedom to express their opinions
2.1.2 The freedom to assemble with others who share those opinions
2.1.3 The freedom to access information
2.1.4 The freedom of movement within the region and freedom to depart the region

2.2 Citizens are protected in their relations with the government against any coercion.

2.3 No penalty may be imposed for an act which was not subject to a penalty at the time it was committed. The government may however prescribe that exceptions shall be made to the aforesaid provisions if it considers that this is warranted on special grounds connected with a time of crisis.

2.4 A foreign resident or immigrant within the region is entitled to the same rights and treatment as a citizen but may not participate in the Legislature.

2.5 Citizens have the right to a fair and unbiased trial.

2.6 All residents of the Region shall be protected by and equally subject to the law of the Region.

2.7 Proceedings in the Judiciary and other courts of law shall be open to the public.

Article 3: The Instrument of Government

3.1 The government shall act openly and democratically. Members of the government shall act in the best interests of the Region before their own interests and shall not use the office of government to achieve their own personal means.

3.2 The government of the Region represents the Region and shall act in the will of the Citizens.

3.3 All members of the government must be citizens of the Region and must have been a citizen in the Region for one week (seven days) at the time of election.

3.4 The Founder, the President, the Speaker, and all members of the Cabinet must publically state all their puppet nations or alternates within the region, and must have a verified World Assembly nation. Failure to do so will result in immediate removal from office.

3.5 If any member of the government does not log into their nation for more than ten (10) days without informing the region, and does not take part in government activity or does not post on the RMB or Discord for more than fourteen (14) days without informing the region, they shall be removed by the President if a Cabinet member or otherwise put under impeachment vote by the Legislature.

Article 4: The Executive Branch

4.1 The President is the head of the Executive Branch and is the Head of Government. It is an elected position. The President through its office and its cabinet shall execute the laws of the Region.

4.2 The President shall be granted all Regional Officer powers.

4.3 The President may veto a law passed by the Legislature. The veto may be turned over by the Legislature following a ⅔ majority vote (see 5.4)

4.4 The President shall appoint a Cabinet to assist in the execution of laws and the advisement of the government. This cabinet shall execute the will of the President. All decisions related to the positions, power, number, and function of the Cabinet members are up to the discretion of the President, subject to the approval of the Legislature. However, no Cabinet member may have all Regional Officer powers.

4.5 The Executive Branch may negotiate foreign treaties and alliances, subject to the vote of the Legislature.

4.6 The President shall also be or appoint a World Assembly Delegate to represent the Free Nations Region on the world stage. The President may decide whether to serve this position themselves or delegate it to a member of their cabinet or another regional officer. The Founder may take whatever action necessary to ensure that the appointed nation holds the WA Delegate office.

4.7 The WA Delegate shall vote in the way the majority of the Region's WA Members vote, unless providing an otherwise explanation.

4.8 The President and any of the Cabinet members may be impeached by the Legislature, with Cabinet members being able to be removed by the President.

4.9 The President may not hold any other office in the government while holding the office of President, with the exception of the WA Delegacy.

4.10 If a Cabinet member or the President is unable to perform their duties, by reason of inactivity, ceasing to exist, or any other cause, they will be replaced immediately by the President if a Cabinet member or by a special election if they are the President. The President can also appoint a Vice President or Cabinet member to inherit the Presidentís duties if said appointee is active.

4.11 No member of the executive branch, including the President, may have the power to eject or ban nations from the Region except during a time of crisis.

Article 5: The Legislative Branch

5.1 The Legislature shall be the supreme lawmaking authority of the Region. All citizens are entitled to vote in the Legislature unless a charge or ban shall have been levied against them.

5.2 The Legislature may enact, amend, or repeal laws and treaties for the Free Nations Region by a simple majority vote.

5.3 The Legislature may impeach any official of the government of the Region or States by a two-thirds majority vote.

5.4 The Legislature may override a Presidential Veto by a two-thirds majority vote.

5.5 The Legislature may declare a state of crisis by a two-thirds majority vote.

5.6 The Legislature may amend this Constitution by a two-thirds majority vote.

5.7 The Legislature may declare war by a two-thirds majority vote, with the approval of both the President and Speaker.

5.8 Legislation may be introduced to the Legislature by a proposal being motioned and seconded on the preferred platform in use for the Legislature.

5.9 The Legislature shall elect a Speaker who may introduce legislation and shall put legislation up to vote. The Speaker is the head of the Legislature.

5.10 All votes of the Legislature shall be open for four (4) days unless otherwise specified.

Article 6: The Founder

6.1 The Founder is a ceremonial position which functions as Head of State. The Founder derives its authority from being the original and first nation in the Region and holds office until death.

6.2 The Founder shall possess all Regional Officer permissions, including the Executive power.

6.3 The position of the Founder does not have any direct influence on the running of the government, and may not appoint, remove, or change any part of the government unless acting upon the behest of the legal act of President, Legislature, or Judiciary; however, the Founder may hold additional positions in the government, with the exception of those only allowing the holder of the position to only hold that office. While holding the office of any additional positions, the Founder is still subject to any laws or boundaries defined for that position.

6.4 The Founder shall carry out all actions of the President, Legislature, and Judiciary at their behest in accordance with the law. The Founder maintains supreme authority but must adhere to the will of the Citizens and the Government under him.

6.5 During a time of Crisis, the Founder may be granted additional permissions, and in extreme cases denoted by the crisis proposal being passed, granted supreme authority.

6.6 The Founder is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Free Nations Region.

Article 7: The Judicial Branch

7.1 The Judiciary shall decide all cases and disputes between Citizens, or between Citizens and the Region. It shall also determine the Constitutionality of laws and governmental actions.

7.2 The Judiciary shall be composed of three (3) Judges who shall be approved by a two-thirds majority vote of the Legislature.

7.3 The Judges shall serve until they resign or are impeached by the Legislature; they shall serve an unlimited term.

7.4 No Judge may hold any other office within the government of the Region while holding the position of Judge.

7.5 The Judges may elect from within their body a Head Judge to organise the Judiciary.

Article 8: Elections

8.1 Elections of the Free Nations Region are nonpartisan, free, open, and direct.

8.2 The President is an elected office and shall serve a term lasting four (4) months. Presidential Election Season shall be in the months of January, May, and September.

8.3 The Speaker is an elected office and shall serve a term lasting two (2) months. Speaker Election Season shall be in the months of January, March, May, July, September, and November.

8.4 An Election Season shall take place from the Fifth (5th) to the Twentieth (20th) of the month, with the Inauguration for these elected offices when the elected candidate recites a designated oath.

8.5 The first five (5) days of an Election Season shall be Nomination Week. During this period, any Citizen may nominate another Citizen and/or themselves to run for the office of President. If they nominate another nation, that nation must accept the nomination before Nomination Week is over.

8.6 The next three (3) days of an Election Season shall be Campaign Days. During these days, candidates may campaign on the RMB, in dispatches, or in telegrams. Spamming the RMB or the Discord is discouraged, as well as is smear campaigning.

8.7 The final seven (7) days of an Election Season shall be Voting Week. Additional campaigning is permitted during this week, though spamming as described in 8.6 is discouraged. Voting shall take place through a Google Form ( created by the founder (or specially appointed officer). The Google Form will:

8.7.1 Be open to all citizens (non-residents or residents that have not been here three days cannot vote)

8.7.2 Be "limited to one response"

8.7.3 Enable respondents to view the responses, through a Google Sheets page made available by the founder or specially appointed form maker. However, the public form must block the names of the respondents.

8.7.4 Officials shall be elected by way of a point system, with the candidate who earns the most points winning that election. (see 8.9)

The Founder or specially appointed maker of the form may also include other questions or descriptions, such as "are you in the WA?".

8.8 During the Voting Week of an Election Season, all government positions shall be removed (except in the case of a founder-appointed Election Coordinator who is not involved in the election otherwise) so as to prohibit the taking of unfair advantages by government members. All normal functions of the Government shall pause.

8.9 As stated in 8.7.4, elections shall use a points system. The winner of an election using this method shall be candidate with more points than all other candidates in the election.

8.10 In the case of an impeachment or otherwise a vacancy in an elected position, the Founder shall as soon as possible call a Special Election for that office. Special Elections shall function in the same method as a normal Election Season. However, if the Special Election would begin less than a month before or after a normal Election Season, the normal Election Season for that position shall be called off. The then-vacant office holder can specially designate a deputy to him to succeed him, eliminating the need for a special election.

8.11 In the case of a two way tie among the candidates with the most points, a simple plurality vote will take place between the two candidates for three days. In the case of a three or more way tie among the candidates with the most points, this vote will be conducted by ranking the candidates in order of the voterís preference.

Article 9: Crises

9.1 A time of Crisis may be declared by a two-thirds majority vote of the Legislature. A Crisis may occur if there is an emergency or to the region such as an invasion or the Ceasing to Exist of the Founder.

9.2 Should the Founder Cease to Exist, the President shall immediately assume the office of WA Delegate by whatever means necessary and shall have the authority to take on the roles reserved in this Constitution for the Founder. The President shall password the region and subsequently wait for two (2) weeks for the Founder to return if the cause of Ceasing to Exist is unknown. The President shall then at the approval of the Legislature take the best determined course towards securing and refounding the region.

9.3 In a time of Crisis, all elections are suspended until the Crisis is ended.

9.4 A time of Crisis may not last for more than two (2) weeks except in the case of the founder Ceasing to Exist.

Article 10: War and the Military

10.1 All nations have a duty to defend the Free Nations Region from invaders or those with harmful intentions towards it.

10.2 The FNRAF (Free Nations Region Armed Forces) shall function as the legitimate Armed Forces of the Free Nations Region. The Armed Forces shall defend the Free Nations Region and its States against invasions and foreign aggression; and shall also participate in defenses of other regions against raiders.

10.3 The Founder shall be the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and shall make all final executive decisions about the allocation of troops, officers, etc.

10.4 The Founder may appoint a General of the Armed Forces to oversee the day-to-day and common activities of the Armed Forces, subject to the approval of the Legislature. The General must be an active officer and often participate in military operations.

10.5 Any Citizen may apply to become a member of the Armed Forces. Their application shall be determined by the General or by the Founder if there is none.

Article 11: Adoption

11.1 This Constitution shall go into effect by a simple majority vote of the current residents of the Free Nations Region.

11.2 The vote shall take place via a NationStates regional poll and be open for three (3) days.

11.3 If this Constitution goes into effect, any existing laws of the Free Nations Region which are brought before the government shall be considered to be current, operational, and pre-existing law.

Article 12: Amendments

12.1 This Constitution may be amended by a vote of the Legislature, as described in 5.8. The President or Founder may also call for an amendment of the Constitution, though still requires Legislative approval.

12.2 Any amendments which pass shall be recorded in the list below (e.g. "added clause 5.3" or "edited clause 4.5: added 'it is identical...'")

List of Amendments

Originally drafted by Somy (January 2017)
Revised by Narvatus (November/December 2018)
Originally edited by Kanglia, Lenlyvit
Originally signed by Somy, Kanglia, Lenlyvit, Crystalsummer, Narvatus

The Fеdеration of Narvatus